The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum Information
The Early Years Foundation Stage (E.Y.F.S) is the stage of education for children from birth to the end of the Reception year. It is based on the recognition that children learn best through play and active learning.
The EYFS is based on four important themes. These are:
- Every child is unique
- Positive Relationships
- Enabling Environments
- Learning and Development
Each of the underlying principles is supported by the Key Person and it is through these principles and commitments of the EYFS that we base our practise. We believe that children are born ready, able and eager to learn and that they actively reach out to interact with other people, and in the world around them. We also believe that development is not an automatic process. It depends on each unique child having opportunities to interact in positive relationships and enabling environments.
There are seven areas of learning and development that shape our educational programme as well as important Characteristics of Effective learning. These are all equally important and inter-connected.
The Characteristics of Effective Learning support the development of the Unique Child in how children are learning. The ways in which children engage with other people and their environment – playing and exploring, active learning, creating and thinking critically – underpin learning and development across all areas and support the child to remain an effective and motivated learner.
The prime areas begin to develop quickly in response to relationships and experiences, and run through and support learning in all other areas. The prime areas continue to be fundamental throughout the EYFS. These are: Personal, Social and Emotional Development, Communication and Language and Physical development.
The specific areas include essential skills and knowledge. They grow out of the prime areas, and provide important contexts for learning. These are: Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the World and Expressive Arts and Design.
At Bowerham we use ‘Development Matters’ as part of daily observation, assessment and planning. It is also used at points during the EYFS as a guide to making best-fit summative judgements, with parents and colleagues across agencies, in relation to whether a child is showing typical development, may be at risk of delay or is ahead for their age.
The age/stage bands overlap because these are not fixed age boundaries but suggest a typical range of development. When using Development Matters we always remember that babies, toddlers and young children develop at their own rates and in their own ways. The development statements and their order are not necessary steps for every child and are not used as checklists.
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Early Years Foundation Stage Framework
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) Framework supports an integrated approach to early learning care. It gives all professionals a set of common principles and commitments to deliver quality early education and childcare experiences to all children.
As well as being the core document for all professionals working in the foundation years, the EYFS framework gives parents and carers confidence that regardless of where they choose for their child’s early education, they can be assured that the same statutory commitments and principles will underpin their child’s learning and development experience.
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